Can Ritalin Cause Stimulant Psychosis?
Stimulant psychosis, also known as stimulant-induced psychotic disorder, is a mental condition characterized by several psychotic symptoms like hallucination, disorganized thinking, delusions, and grossly disorganized behavior. It typically manifests following an overdose or heavy bingeing on psychostimulants such as cocaine, methamphetamine, and amphetamine.
Psychostimulants are drugs with the property of increasing the activity of the central nervous system and the body. They are also known to be invigorating and performance-enhancing. When an individual then uses such substances heavily at one sitting or overdoses on them, they risk going into stimulant psychosis.
How Does a Ritalin Work?
Ritalin is the brand name given to the stimulant drug, methylphenidate. It is used to treat attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy (excessive and uncontrollable daytime sleepiness). The drug works by changing the amount of specific natural compounds in the brain to induce different results. These include an improved ability to pay attention, staying focused on a task, and controlling behavior problems.
Ritalin is to be taken orally about 2 or 3 times daily and usually before a meal. However, physicians may prescribe otherwise for individuals with particular conditions or reactions to the drug. A noticeable side effect of using Ritalin is the incidence of insomnia. This trouble with sleeping after consuming the drug is notably more severe when taken late in the day. Hence, extreme caution is advised with the prescription and usage of Ritalin.
The Connection Between Ritalin and Stimulant Psychosis
In recent years, concerns have been raised in the medical field concerning how drugs prescribed for ADHD may increase psychosis in patients. Ritalin, being one of the most used drugs for treating ADHD, was studied for this purpose.
In a study conducted in 2019, it was discovered that unlike amphetamines (Adderall), Ritalin runs a lower risk of causing individuals to exhibit psychotic symptoms. However, it should be noted that even in both cases, the chances of this being true is scarce. The above study gave the incidence value of only 1 in over 600 individuals who may encounter stimulant-induced psychotic disorder.
More About Ritalin and Stimulant Psychosis
Nevertheless, Ritalin is a medication that must be used judiciously. Individuals who have been prescribed this drug must strictly adhere to their physician’s recommendation for their treatment. Furthermore, any symptom or side effect that arises when using the medicine must be immediately reported, particularly if these tend to be visionary or auditory hallucinations. Addiction is another possibility with the long-term prescription of Ritalin, which can only be handled through proper rehabilitation care.
Find Help for Addiction to Ritalin at New Jersey Addiction Resources
As with any psychoactive drug, Ritalin can induce dependence in individuals who misuse it or take it over a long time. Signs of addiction to Ritalin include irritability, anxiety, suspiciousness, low appetite, depression, and inability/unwillingness to stop taking the drug. When such symptoms have been confirmed, the affected individual must undergo a thorough and complete Ritalin addiction recovery program.
At NJ Addiction Resources, we help Ritalin-dependent individuals get all the help they need by connecting them to licensed recovery centers in New Jersey. We also provide external, ongoing support to these individuals and their families to achieve holistic recovery and sustain sobriety. If you would like to know more or invite us to join you on your mission to be free from dependence, contact a recovery advocate today. Our addiction specialists are available around the clock and all calls are free and confidential.