What is Codeine and Dihydrocodeine?
The opium poppy plant is regarded as the source of all opiates, with the general function of its derivatives being pain relief. Codeine is one of such opioids and is used to treat mild to moderate aches. It is also utilized in combination with other substances like acetaminophen to relieve cough.
Dihydrocodeine is an alternative to codeine synthetically produced for treating pain, allergies, and diarrhea. It is also known as an analgesic and can be used in treating opioid addiction. In some cases of heroin dependence, individuals may be switched to dihydrocodeine and then tapered off to help with detox.
Both codeine and dihydrocodeine are marked as having high affinities for addiction. Therefore, care must be taken if either of these drugs is being administered to an individual. Typically, both drugs are not prescribed at the same time to prevent antagonistic interactions between the two in the body systems.
Strength and Bioavailability of Codeine vs. Dihydrocodeine
Both drugs may be administered as oral tablets or in liquid form and encouraged to be taken with a meal or soon after one. Dihydrocodeine comes in strengths of 30mg, 40mg, 60mg, 90mg and 120mg. Each of these tablets possesses specific half-lives and is prescribed based on the amount of pain the individual reports experiencing. On the other hand, codeine is usually a co-ingredient in many cough solutions. The codeine sulfate medicine occurs in strengths of 15mg, 30mg, and 60mg.
Relatively, the oral bioavailability of codeine to dihydrocodeine is 60% to 20%. This value means that dihydrocodeine is less exposed to the targeted areas of an ache than codeine, making the latter a more potent analgesic. Unfortunately, this variance in strength contributes largely to the abuse of both drugs. On the one hand, codeine may be taken past prescription for sharper pains or abused for dealing with emotional pains. Dependence quickly follows in such instances as codeine is known to be highly euphoric. In another situation, dihydrocodeine may be misused through excessive intakes to get it to function as effectively as codeine. Such overdosing leads to toxicity which can be fatal if not carefully and timely reversed.
Find Help for Codeine Opioid Dependence
Dihydrocodeine and codeine are drugs with significant advantages but with a serious risk of addiction. Thus, adhering to the doctor’s prescription concerning them is vital. However, if abuse does set in, treatment must be given priority. Abuse tends to lead to drug overdose, which causes lasting damage to the body system or even death. Well-equipped and staffed rehabilitation centers are where an individual may receive the required addiction help. Rehab involves detox, therapy, counseling, and participation in sober, recreational activities to boost recovery. Aftercare is also another part of rehabilitation to assist in preventing relapse and maintaining sobriety.
NJ Addiction Resources helps residents in New Jersey find rehab centers around the region for treatment. These centers offer programs on a residential or outpatient basis, depending on the individual’s requirements. Furthermore, these facilities provide treatment on cost-effective plans with varying payment modes, including medical insurance and self-pay. If you would like to begin on the road to complete recovery, contact an NJ Addiction Resources advocate today. We will be glad to help you reclaim your life and sobriety.